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Fire Testing and Simulation.

pdf icon Fire Testing and Simulation. (421 K)
Baum, H. R.; Sarofim, A.; Smith, P.; Usmani, A.; Kodur, V.; Wickstrom, U.

NISTIR 6890; September 2002.

Fire Resistance Determination and Performance Prediction Research Needs Workshop: Proceedings. February 19-20, 2002, Gaithersburg, MD, Grosshandler, W. L., Editor(s), 7-13 pp, 2002.

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fire research; fire resistance; fire tests; simulation; fire models; steel structures; numerical models; concretes; concrete columns; temperature measurement


The research needs from a fire modeler's perspective were stated succinctly by Baum. The first need is associated with defining the building. While conceptually straightforward, the large amount of data available to describe a modern building and the differing ways that these data are used for design, operations, and maintenance overwhelms the individual interested in predicting fire resistance performance, leading to great inefficiencies in the calculations and limiting their value. An efficient way to generate an electronic database that can be accessed seamlessly for multiple purposes is critical. The detail has to be sufficient to capture the location and operations of the HVAC systems, elevators and stairways. The second need is to develop a better understanding of the burning behavior of the contents of modern buildings, including complex shaped objects (e.g., real furniture), libraries and paper files. Being able to predict the occurrence of fire-induced geometry changes is the third primary need, specifically windows breaking and the warping/penetration of partitions (walls and floors).