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High Reliability Safety Systems for Emergency Response in the Built Environment.


pdf icon High Reliability Safety Systems for Emergency Response in the Built Environment. (176 K)
Jones, W. W.; Reneke, P. A.

Research and Practice: Bridging the Gap. Fire Suppression and Detection Research Application Symposium. Proceedings. Fire Protection Research Foundation. February 7-9, 2001, Orlando, FL, 282-296 pp, 2001.

Keywords:

fire suppression; fire detection; fire research; fire safety; fire protection; response time; emergencies; fire detection systems; fire departments; fire alarm systems

Abstract:

Reliable fire detection is an essential aspect of fire protection in all constructed facilities, first for the safe evacuation of occupants and second as a means to initiate manual suppression for control and extinguishment of unwanted fires. However, fire fighting in buildings is complicted by lack of information about the environment inside the building. Even residential buildings (one and two family dwellings) are equipped with detection and alarm devices, that provide early warning for occupant evacuaton. As technology for device interconnection, such as embodied in the IEEE 802.11b standard, becomes more wide spread, the capability for communication even within residences increases and reporting such signals over a residential network will provde increased reliability. Most commercial and industrial buildings have fire detecion systems that supply limited information from detectors in the building to fire alarm panels, generally located in a designated area of the building. The information available today, and likely to be available in the future in new buildings with advanced sensors, can be used to improve the fire service effectiveness and improve safety of the fire fighting effort.