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Fire Emulator/Detector Evaluator: Design, Operation, and Performance.

pdf icon Fire Emulator/Detector Evaluator: Design, Operation, and Performance. (361 K)
Cleary, T. G.; Donnelly, M. K.; Grosshandler, W. L.

NIST SP 965; February 2001.

International Conference on Automatic Fire Detection "AUBE '01", 12th. Proceedings. National Institute of Standards and Technology. March 25-28, 2001, Gaithersburg, MD, Beall, K.; Grosshandler, W. L.; Luck, H., Editor(s)(s), 312-323 pp, 2001.


fire detection; fire detection systems; fire detectors; smoke; aerosols


This paper describes the fire emulator/detector evaluator which was developed by NIST. The FE/DE has proven to be a very flexible design. The main function of the device is to reproduce the environment (temperature, air velocity, aerosol and gas species concentrations) a detector would be exposed to during fire and non-fire events. It has been used primarily for fire detection, but may prove useful in testing other types of sensors such as those used for indoor air quality assessment, building HVAC control, or hazardous gas monitoring. The FE/DE is a single-pass "wind tunnel" that allows for the control of the flow velocity, air temperature, gas species, and aerosol concentrations at a test section wherein detectors and sensors are exposed to these environmental conditions.