Fire Emulator/Detector Evaluator: Design, Operation, and Performance.
Fire Emulator/Detector Evaluator: Design, Operation,
Cleary, T. G.; Donnelly, M. K.; Grosshandler, W. L.
NIST SP 965; February 2001.
International Conference on Automatic Fire Detection
"AUBE '01", 12th. Proceedings. National Institute of
Standards and Technology. March 25-28, 2001,
Gaithersburg, MD, Beall, K.; Grosshandler, W. L.; Luck,
H., Editor(s)(s), 312-323 pp, 2001.
fire detection; fire detection systems; fire detectors;
This paper describes the fire emulator/detector
evaluator which was developed by NIST. The FE/DE has
proven to be a very flexible design. The main function
of the device is to reproduce the environment
(temperature, air velocity, aerosol and gas species
concentrations) a detector would be exposed to during
fire and non-fire events. It has been used primarily for
fire detection, but may prove useful in testing other
types of sensors such as those used for indoor air
quality assessment, building HVAC control, or hazardous
gas monitoring. The FE/DE is a single-pass "wind tunnel"
that allows for the control of the flow velocity, air
temperature, gas species, and aerosol concentrations at
a test section wherein detectors and sensors are exposed
to these environmental conditions.