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Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 2): Technical Reference Guide.

pdf icon Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 2): Technical Reference Guide. (619 K)
McGrattan, K. B.; Baum, H. R.; Rehm, R. G.; Hamins, A.; Forney, G. P.; Floyd, J. E.; Hostikka, S.

NISTIR 6783; 44 p. November 2001.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA 22161.
Telephone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
Fax: 703-605-6900.


fire models; computational fluid dynamics; sprinkler activation; fire plumes; flame spread; simulation; ignition


Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of fire-driven fluid flow. The equations described in this document are a form of the Navier-Stokes equations appropriate for low-speed, thermally-driven flow with an emphasis on smoke and heat transport from fires. The description of the software used to solve these equations is contained in a companion document, called "Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 2) -- User's Guide" (NISTIR 6784).