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Standards Linkages to a Performance-Based Regulatory Framework.


pdf icon Standards Linkages to a Performance-Based Regulatory Framework. (38 K)
Bukowski, R. W.

Performance in Product and Practice. CIB (International Council for Innovation and Research in Building and Construction) World Building Congress. Paper 262. Proceedings. April 2-6, 2001, Wellington, New Zealand, 1-9 pp, 2001 AND Building Tomorrow's Future (BTF) Conference 2001. Proceedings. Australian Building Codes Board (ABCB). Sponsored by: Standards Australia, BRANZ, Australian Window Association, Australian Greenhouse Office, Building Center of Japan, Plantation Timber Association, Master Builders, Australian Building Energy Council, Quantas, IRCC. April 9-11, 2000, Australia, 1-9 pp, 2001, 2001.

Keywords:

building codes; performance based codes; regulations; standards; performance evaluation

Abstract:

Much of the world is developing or has in place, performance-based regulatory systems for the regulation of building safety. While the concept of performance-based regulation is not new, only in the last two decades has the development of engineering methods that can verify performance against goals, objectives and specific criteria provided the means ofr enforcement. Most of these systems follow a similar framework and cite common performance metrics and engineering methods. The initial focus of the organizations developing performance-based regulatory systems has been the codes themselves, but now more attention is being paid to the infrastructure needed to administer such systems, and particularly on standards. In 1999 the Australian Buildings Codes Board published preparation of Standards Referenced in the Building Code of Australia. ISO committees such as TC59 and TC92 are also turning their attention to the issue of performance-related standards and their linkages to performance -based codes. This paper discusses the linkage between performance-based regulations and the standards that form a crucial part of the overall performance-based regulatory system/PBRS. There are many ways in which codes and standards may be linked, but generally performance-related standards should employ a structure that is complementary to that of the code. Traditionally codes have made direct references to standards that then provide a greater level of detail on how a function is to be accomplished or verified. In a PBRS that does not require specific approaches it is not clear if direct reference to standards in the regulation is appropriate or whether these would be in the "Acceptable Solutions." What then is the scope of a performance-related standrd and would the standard be different if it supports the functional requirement or performance criterion as opposed to only acceptable solutions? In the Performance Codes that have been developed by various countries there are many similar objectives, functional requirements, and performance requirements. To what extent will it be possible to develop and agree on common standards on a regional or International scale? And finally, how will the standards affect the development and application of the performance codes themselves? In particular, standards have a significant role in the regulatory acceptance of compliance with code provisions, and the same would be expected under a performance system. These issues will be discussed from the International perspective of the authors and their direct involvement in the development and use of performance codes and standards in their own countries.