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Using High Reliability Detection for Fire Service Response in Buildings.


pdf icon Using High Reliability Detection for Fire Service Response in Buildings. (163 K)
Jones, W. W.; Bukowski, R. W.

NIST SP 965; February 2001.

International Conference on Automatic Fire Detection "AUBE '01", 12th. Proceedings. National Institute of Standards and Technology. March 25-28, 2001, Gaithersburg, MD, Beall, K.; Grosshandler, W. L.; Luck, H., Editor(s)(s), 574-591 pp, 2001.

Keywords:

fire detection; fire detection systems; predictive models; reliability; fire protection; fire safety; occupants; fire suppression; extinguishment; fire departments; fire models; information dissemination; evacuation; NFPA 72

Abstract:

Reliable fire detection is an essential aspect of fire protection in all constructed facilities, first for the safe evacuation of occupants and second as a means to initiate manual suppression to for control and extinguishment of unwanted fires. Firefighting in buildings is complicated by lack of information about the environment inside the building. Even residential buildings (one and two family dwellings) are equipped with detection and alarm devices, that provide early warning for occupant evacuation. As technology for device interconnection, such as embodied in the the IEEE 802.11b standard, becomes more wide spread, the capability for communication even within residences increases and reporting such signals over a residential network will provide increased reliability. Most commercial and industrial buildings have fire detection systems that supply limited information from detectors in the building to fire alarm panels, generally located in a designated area of the of the building. The information available today, and likely to be available in the future in new buildings with advanced sensors, can be used to improve the fire service effectiveness and improve safety of the firefighting effort.