Using High Reliability Detection for Fire Service Response in Buildings.
Using High Reliability Detection for Fire Service
Response in Buildings.
Jones, W. W.; Bukowski, R. W.
NIST SP 965; February 2001.
International Conference on Automatic Fire Detection
"AUBE '01", 12th. Proceedings. National Institute of
Standards and Technology. March 25-28, 2001,
Gaithersburg, MD, Beall, K.; Grosshandler, W. L.; Luck,
H., Editor(s)(s), 574-591 pp, 2001.
fire detection; fire detection systems; predictive
models; reliability; fire protection; fire safety;
occupants; fire suppression; extinguishment; fire
departments; fire models; information dissemination;
evacuation; NFPA 72
Reliable fire detection is an essential aspect of fire
protection in all constructed facilities, first for the
safe evacuation of occupants and second as a means to
initiate manual suppression to for control and
extinguishment of unwanted fires. Firefighting in
buildings is complicated by lack of information about
the environment inside the building. Even residential
buildings (one and two family dwellings) are equipped
with detection and alarm devices, that provide early
warning for occupant evacuation. As technology for
device interconnection, such as embodied in the the IEEE
802.11b standard, becomes more wide spread, the
capability for communication even within residences
increases and reporting such signals over a residential
network will provide increased reliability. Most
commercial and industrial buildings have fire detection
systems that supply limited information from detectors
in the building to fire alarm panels, generally located
in a designated area of the of the building. The
information available today, and likely to be available
in the future in new buildings with advanced sensors,
can be used to improve the fire service effectiveness
and improve safety of the firefighting effort.