Experimental and Mechanistic Investigation of Opposed-Flow Propane/Air Flames by Phosphorus-Containing Compounds.
Experimental and Mechanistic Investigation of
Opposed-Flow Propane/Air Flames by Phosphorus-Containing
Wainner, R. T.; McNesby, K. L.; Daniel, R. G.; Miziolek,
A. W.; Babushok, V. I.
Halon Options Technical Working Conference.
Proceedings. HOTWC 2000. Sponsored by: University of
New Mexico, Fire Suppression Systems Assoc., Fire and
Safety Group, Great Lakes Chemical Corp., Halon
Alternative Research Corp., Hughes Associates, Inc.,
Kidde Fenwal, Inc., Kidde International, Modular
Protection, Inc., Next Generation Fire Suppression
Technology Program, Sandia National Laboratories, Summit
Environmental Corp., Inc. and 3M Specialty Materials.
May 2-4, 2000, Albuquerque, NM, 141-153 pp, 2000.
Available from:For more information contact: Center for Global
Environmental Technologies, New Mexico Engineering
Research Institute, University of New Mexico, 901
University Blvd., SE, Albuquerque, NM 87106-4339 USA.
Fax: 505-272-7203. WEB:
halon alternatives; flame inhibition; diffusion flames;
additives; numerical models; extinction; chemical
inhibition; kinetics; halons
In this work, we report the results of experimental und
computational studies on inhibition and extinction of
opposed-flow propane (C3H8)-air flames by DMMP
(C3H9O3P), as well as N2 and FM-200 (C3F7H) as reference
inhibitors. For the dilute flame conditions used in this
work (high Zst) inhibitor effectiveness was
significantly enhanced compared to previous results with
undiluted fuel. However, unlike the previous work, OH
fluorescence signals, and thus concentrtions, did not
decrease as the inhibitant concentration was increased,
even near extinction. The cause for this mains to be
determined. Modcling results for a 1-D opposed flow
flame of the same conditions agree with the present
results of steady OH levels, while having also predicted
the decreasing levels for the previous work with