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Multi-Function Sensing for Cybernetic Building Systems.

pdf icon Multi-Function Sensing for Cybernetic Building Systems. (1077 K)
Grosshandler, W. L.

NISTIR 6588; November 2000.

U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 15th Joint Panel Meeting. Volume 2. Proceedings. March 1-7, 2000, San Antonio, TX, Bryner, S. L., Editor(s), 357-364 pp, 2000.

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fire safety; fire research; fire detection; fire alarm systems; fire models; costs; air quality; sensors


Building control companies, equipment and system manufacturers, energy providers, utilities, and design engineers are under increasing pressure to improve performance and reduce costs by developing building systems that integrate more services, including energy management, fire and security, environmental control and people movement. How these systems communicate, interact, share information, make decisions, and perform in a synergistic and reliable manner is the subject of a large effort at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Cybernetic Building Systems (CBS). A portion of the research is focused on (1) the relationship between the signals from commercial1y available gas, particle and temperature sensors and the actual thermodynamic state of the room, (2) development of open protocols for the exchange of information among different sensors and building systems, and (3) aiding the fire brigade's attack strategy by effectively displaying the status of a fire on a smart panel capable of suggesting how the fire may evolve. This paper describes recent progress on the first topic (environment sensing), and introduces the third (the smart fire panel). A companion paper by Bushby at this 15th United States/Japan Natural Resources (UJNR) Panel on Fire Research Safety deals with topic (2), information exchange.