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Measurement Needs for Fire Safety: Proceedings of an International Workshop.


pdf icon Measurement Needs for Fire Safety: Proceedings of an International Workshop. (171063 K)
Ohlemiller, T. J.; Johnsson, E. L.; Gann, R. G.

NISTIR 6527; 270 p. June 2000.

Measurement Needs for Fire Safety: Proceedings of an International Workshop. National Institute of Standards and Technology. April 4-6, 2000, Gaithersburg, MD, Ohlemiller, T. J.; Johnsson, E. L.; Gann, R. G., Editor(s)(s), 1-14 pp, 2000.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA 22161.
Telephone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
Fax: 703-605-6900.
Website: http://www.ntis.gov
Order number: PB2000-105894

Keywords:

fire safety; fire research; fire models; fire science; fire measurements; validation

Abstract:

EACH PAPER IS TREATED LIKE A SEPARATE DOCUMENT AND MAY BE VIEWED AND/OR DOWNLOADED THAT WAY At the twelfth meeting of the FORUM for International Cooperation in Fire Research, held in Garston, England, the members agreed to convene a workshop focused on improving their capabilities in science-based fire measurements. Such measurements are at the heart of what the member organizations of the FORUM do. Whether they be inputs for fire models, fire characterization parameters for model validation, material or product fire performance, each requires careful quantification as a basis for further progress in this field. The potential benefits of collaboration among members have long been recognized, but the complexities of transferring funds across national boundaries have proven to be a hindrance. Thus, with this Workshop, members agreed to seek an area of collaboration where each could devote internal funds toward specific mutual goals in the area of fire measurements. The Workshop was convened April 4-6, 200O to review needs and establish common interests, thereby to converge on one or more specific interlaboratory projects. The attendees are listed in Appendix A. The conveners recognized that the subject of fire measurements covers a broad territory. Thus experts from various laboratories were asked to summarize their views on the needs of specific areas, including the capabilities and requirements of fire models (compartment and burning object models) and the measurements implicit in product tests and in quantifying the internal parameters of fires (heat flux, temperature, flow velocities and species concentrations). Appendix B shows the Workshop program, including the names of the invited speakers. Appendix C comprises copies of the visual aids from the invited presentations. In the following pages, we have summarized the sense of the presentations in the various sessions of the Workshop and also the range of ideas which arose in the discussions following the presentations. Ultimately, the participants voted on the areas of primary interest for collaboration. As discussed below, heat flux measurements emerged as the main candidate.

Selected Papers

Zone Model: I/O and Required Measurements for Model Validation.
Yamada, T. Experimental Data for CFD Models.
Hadjisophocleous, G. Burning Item Sub-Models.
Babrauskas, V. Products Tests: Europa.
Opstad, K. FORUM Workshop: Product Tests in North America.
Gandhi, P. D. Asia.
Hasemi, Y. Fire Test Furnace.
Keltner, N. Flow and Velocity Measurement Needs for Fire Safety.
Grosshandler, W. L. Temperature Measurements in Fires.
Pitts, W. M. Heat Release Rate (HRR).
Janssens, M. L. Extractive Methods.
Blomqvist, P. Smoke Gas Analysis by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy.
Hakkarainen, T. In-Situ Gas Concentration Measurements for Fires.
Blevins, L. G. Measurement of Smoke Aerosol.
Mulholland, G. W.