Development of a Continuous Flow Flame Test Extruder for High-Throughput Formulation and Screening of Flame Retardants and More Fire Resistant Materials.
Development of a Continuous Flow Flame Test Extruder for
High-Throughput Formulation and Screening of Flame
Retardants and More Fire Resistant Materials.
Nyden, M. R.; Gilman, J. W.
Fire Safety Developments Emerging Needs, Product
Developments, Non-Halogen FR's, Standards and
Regulations. Proceedings. Fire Retardant Chemicals
Association. March 12-15, 2000, Washington, DC, Fire
Retardant Chemicals Assoc., Lancaster, PA, 1-5 pp, 2000.
fire safety; halogens; fire retardants; flame
retardants; standards; regulations; fire resistant
materials; clay; plastics; additives; nanocomposites;
The purpose of this paper is to initiate discussion on
the viability of using a high-throughput approach, based
on the combinatorial methodology that has been
successfully employed in the pharmaceutical industry, to
formulate and screen new flame retardants and more fire
resistant materials. The basis of our concept is the
development of a new processing capability that will
enable variable composition samples to be extruded,
analyzed, and burned on the same device. This extension
of existing technology will permit researchers to screen
hundreds of potentially effective fire retardant
formulations in the same time it now takes to perform
flammability tests on a single sample. The potential
application of this approach to determine optimal levels
of polymer, organically treated clay, flame retardant
synergists, and other additives in polymer-clay
nanocomposites is also considered.