Computer Integrated Knowledge Systems: Proposed Framework.
Computer Integrated Knowledge Systems: Proposed
Kurihara, T. Y.
NISTIR 6401; December 1999.
Computer-Integrated Knowledge System (CIKS) Network:
Report of the 2nd Workshop. Network for
High-Performance Construction Materials and Systems
(NPCMS). Proceedings. September 24-25, 1997,
Gaithersburg, MD, 58-63 pp, 1999.
Available from: National Technical Information Service
(NTIS), Technology Administration, U.S. Department of
Commerce, Springfield, VA 22161.
1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
Order number: PB2000-102385
computers; information dissemination; construction;
The construction community is represented by a diverse
set of private and public organizations and disciplines.
The industry lacks consistency in the way it represents,
communicates, and interprets information about its
products, materials, and systems. There is a need to
establish a framework that will improve the service-life
and durability of structures and components, and reduce
costs associated with construction, operations, and
maintenance activities. Industry-scale improvements can
result from the adoption and implementation of a
framework that includes: a consistent terms for use by
construction industry knowledge users; criteria and
standards for data quality and formats; a standard
format for knowledge interchange; improved methods for
seeking and interpreting knowledge; an intelligent
interface for users. This paper outlines a proposed
framework to address the needs of the construction
industry product, materials, and systems knowledge users
involved in operation and maintenance activities, such
as condition assessment, material failure analysis, and
material selection. This paper is an abbreviated version
of the NIST Internal Report (NISTIR-6071), which was
provided to all of the workshop attendees and was the
basis for the presentation of the CIKS framework. CIKS
is intended to be used for constructed facilities, such
as bridges, private and public buildings, etc.
Initially, the framework addresses the industrial
coating material area. However, the activities and
methodologies described will apply to other construction
materials, such as cementitious materials, steel,
aluminum, composites, and roofing. Several goals have
been established for the implementation of CIKS. These
goals provide a context for its development, a long-term
vision, and near-term usefulness. It is envisioned that
refinements to the framework will occur as user needs
change and are better understood by the CIKS developers
and partners, and as enabling information technologies
emerge over the 5-year development life of CIKS. CIKS
will show concept and provide value within a two-year
time frame, yet maintain a five-year development life.
This will be achieved through the establishment of
NIST/construction industry partnerships and the
establishment of a test bed whereby partners can test
production systems and data for interoperability, and
obtain developmental and implementation solutions for
incorporation into industry-developed systems.