Standards for Evaluating the Susceptibility of Cement-Based Materials to External Sulfate Attack.
Standards for Evaluating the Susceptibility of
Cement-Based Materials to External Sulfate Attack.
Clifton, J. R.; Frohnsdorff, G. J. C.; Ferraris, C. F.
Materials Science of Concrete: Sulfate Attack
Mechanisms, Special Volume. Proceedings. October 5-6,
1998, Quebec, Canada, American Ceramic Society,
Westerville, OH, 337-355 pp, 1999.
cements; concretes; performance standards; prescriptive
standards; sulfate attack; test methods
In this paper, the current status of standards 1) for
specifying cement-based materials to prevent deleterious
reactions with external sulfates, and 2) for predicting
the performance of concrete exposed to external
sulfates, is reviewed. The applicability and
reliability of these standards are discussed and
deficiencies in them noted. Recommendations for the
development of improved standard test methods are