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BEES 1.0: Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability Technical Manual and User Guide.

pdf icon BEES 1.0: Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability Technical Manual and User Guide. (9445 K)
Lippiatt, B. C.

NISTIR 6144; 93 p. April 1998.


Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC

Available from:

National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA 22161.
Telephone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
Fax: 703-605-6900; Rush Service (Telephone Orders Only) 800-553-6847;
Order number: PB98-144496


building products; economic performance; environmental performance; green buildings; life cycle assessment; life cycle costing; multiattribute decision making; sustainable development


[*] NISTIR 6520 (June 2000): Lippiatt, B. C., "BEES 2.0 Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability. Technical Manual and User Guide." For more information contact: Website replaces NISTIR 6144, Version 1.0 The BEES (Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability) version 1.0 software implements a rational, systematic technique for selecting environmentally and economically balanced building products. The technique is based on consensus standards and designed to be practical, flexible, and transparent. The Windows-based decision support software, aimed at designers, builders, and product manufacturers, includes actual environmental and economic performance data for 22 building products across a range of functional applications. BEES measures the environmental performance of building products using the environmental life-cycle assessment approach specified in the latest versions of ISO 14000 draft standards. All stages in the life of a product are analyzed: raw material acquisition, manufacture, transportation, installation, use, and waste management. Economic performance is measured using the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard life-cycle cost method, which covers the costs of initial investment, replacement, operation, maintenance and repair, and disposal. Environmental and economic performance are combined into an overall performance measure using the ASTM Standard for Multiattribute Decision Analysis. For the entire BEES analysis, building products are defined and classified based on the ASTM standard classification for building elements known as UNIFORMAT II. **This report contains 2 (BEES 1.0) diskettes**