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Study of the Performance of Petroleum Storage Tanks During Earthquakes, 1933-1995.


pdf icon Study of the Performance of Petroleum Storage Tanks During Earthquakes, 1933-1995. (16559 K)
Cooper, T. W.

NIST GCR 97-720; June 1997.

Sponsor:

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

Available from:

National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA 22161.
Telephone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
Fax: 703-605-6900.
Website: http://www.ntis.gov
Order number: PB99-132896

Keywords:

earthquakes; storage tanks

Abstract:

This study is primarly concerned with the performance of petroleum storage tanks during earthquakes. Because of the similarity in construction of water tanks,their performance has also been included where relevant information is available. The study covers the seismic performance of storage tanks during major earthquakes ranging from the 1933 Long Beach earthquake through the 1995 Hyogoken-Nambu (Kobe) earthquake. The study discusses failures as well as satisfactory performances of the tanks during the more recent earthquakes. Based on the observations of damage, recommendations to improve the design of storage tanks are provided.