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Selecting Environmentally and Economically Balanced Building Materials.

pdf icon Selecting Environmentally and Economically Balanced Building Materials. (553 K)
Lippiatt, B. C.; Norris, G. A.

NIST SP 888; August 1995.

OECD Green Goods IV: International Conference on Greener Public Purchasing. Proceedings. Beil, Switzerland. 77-87 pp, February 1997 AND Public Technology, Inc. and U.S. Green Building Council. Selecting Environmentally and Economically Balanced Building Materials. Reprinted as Chapter 2 of Sustainable Building Technology Manual: Green Building Design, Construction, and Operations. Economics and Environment. Part 1. Chapter 2, Gottfried, D., Editors, 1.13-1.19 pp, June 1996 AND National Institute of Standards and Technology. Green Building Conference and Exposition, 2nd International. Proceedings. 1995, Gaithersburg, MD, Fanney, A. H.; Whitter, K. M.,; Cohn, T. B., Editors, 37-46 pp, 1995, 1997.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB95-253605


building technology; building materials; environmental performance; green buildings; impact assessment; impact evaluation; inventory analysis; life cycle assessment; life cycle costing; multi-attribute decisions


The building community wants to move toward the use of building materials with improved environmental performance at little or no increase in cost. A methodology for evaluating the environmental and economic performance of building materials is described. This methodology is being implemented in decision support software that will access a publicly available database of environmental and economic performance data for building materials. The software will assist designers and manufacturers in comparing the environmental/economic performance of alternative building materials. The National Institute of Standards and Technology is collaborating with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in this effort.