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Materials-Science Based Approach to Phenol Emissions From a Flooring Material in an Office Building.


pdf icon Materials-Science Based Approach to Phenol Emissions From a Flooring Material in an Office Building. (368 K)
Martin, J. W.; Persily, A. K.; Guenther, F. R.; Nguyen, T.; Liggett, W. S., Jr.; Byrd, W. E.; Oakley, L.

Indoor Air Quality and Climate, 7th International Conference. Proceedings. Indoor Air '96. Volume 2. July 21-26, 1996, Nagoya, Japan, 109-114 pp, 1996.

Keywords:

phenol; emissions; air quality; flooring; epoxy; office buildings; sampling; thermogravimetric analysis

Abstract:

After several years of indoor air quality complaints in an office building, it was hypothesized that phenol emissions from an epoxy floor-leveling material were the source of the complaints. A materials-science based study was performed to ascertain whether phenol, or any other volatile organic compound, was being emitted from the floor-leveling material. The chemical composition and physical properties of the leveling material were determined using a variety of analytical procedures typical of a materials-science based approach. It was concluded that the floor-leveling material contained phenol, and that the measured concentrations ranged from 0.25% to 0.52% of the material's mass. Several strategies for mitigating the phenol emissions were considered, and it was concluded that the most practical strategy would be to remove the floor-leveling material from the building and replace it with a portland cement-based material.