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Literature Review on Seismic Performance of Building Cladding Systems.


pdf icon Literature Review on Seismic Performance of Building Cladding Systems. (13377 K)
Cladding Research Institute

NIST GCR 95-681; 179 p. February 1995.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB96-106901

Keywords:

cladding; literature reviews; concretes; siding

Abstract:

A literature survey on the seismic performance of building cladding systems was conducted. The focus was on heavy cladding panels, with a particular emphasis on precast concrete cladding panels. The references used in this literature survey were identified by using the following resources: (1) computerized library data bases, including the "melvyl" system for the University of California libraries, "eea" (eathrquake engineering abstracts) available through "melvyl," and the "gladis" system for the U.C. Berkeley libraries; and (2) the CD-rom from the Information Service at the National Earthquake Engineering Center (NCEER) at SUNY at Buffalo that contains abstracts for references shelved there and at the EERC Library. The facilities used to retrieve the references of interest included: (1) the U.C. Berkeley libraries, including the Earthquake Engineering Research Center (EERC) Library at the Richmond Field Station, the Engineering Library on the U.C. Berkeley campus; and the Environmental Design Library on the U.C. Berkeley campus; (2) the Information Service at NCEER; (3) the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) at the U.S. Department of Commerce; and (4) the Prestressed/Precast Concrete Institute (PCI) in Chicago, Illinois. At the Environmental Design Library, the following additional resources were found to be helpful: the Avery computer data base for post-1978 references, the Avery printed books for pre 1978 references, the Art Index on CD-rom, and the Construction index book serials. Some of the key words used in the search included: precast, cladding, reinforced concrete, concrete, facades, skins, siding, etc. The literature survey is organized as follows: Chapter 1 is an introduction that includes definitions, cladding panel configurations, details of architectural precast concrete cladding systems in the U.S.A., New Zealand, Japan, and Canada. Chapter 2 describes the current practice for seismically isolated precast concrete cladding panels and connections, including U.S. codes and their interpretation and foreign codes. Chapter 3 offers information on the structural utilization of precast concrete cladding panels and connections, including an historical overview, levels of contribution in seismic response, architectural implications for structural cladding, conditions for effective structural cladding, and issues of responsibility. Chapter 4 contains abstracts and informational highlights from research on the structural utilization of precast concrete cladding panels and connections, including eleven sets of research projects from the U.S.A., one project from Canada, and one project from Japan. Chapter 5 outlines other cladding materials for heavy panels, including prefabricated panel systems, GFRC panels, new types of reinforcement, a new type of RC sandwich panels, and steel and steel alloy panels.