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Glide Matching With Binary and Ternary Zeotropic Refrigerant Mixtures. Part 1. An Experimental Study.


pdf icon Glide Matching With Binary and Ternary Zeotropic Refrigerant Mixtures. Part 1. An Experimental Study. (548 K)
Mulroy, W. J.; Domanski, P. A.; Didion, D. A.

International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 17, No. 4, 220-225, 1994.

Keywords:

refrigerants; temperature profiles; heat transfer; enthalpy; tests; simulation

Abstract:

An improvement of the coefficient of performance (COP) of the refrigeration cycle can be realized when temperature profiles of the refrigerant mixture and the heat transfer fluid (HTF) are matched. For the same temperature lift, the benefit of glide matching increases as the application glide increases. High-glide binary mixtures composed of components far apart in boiling points tend to have a non-linear relationship between temperature and enthalpy in the two-phase region. The introduction of an intermediate boiler as a third component can linearize this relationship and, theoretically, increase the cycle COP when heat-source and heat-sink fluids are substantially linear (e.g., water, brines, dry air). The research described in this paper was directed at exemplifying this characteristic of ternary mixtures by experimental evaluation of the performance of a R23/142b binary mixture and an R23/22/142b ternary mixture in a generic laboratory breadboard refrigeration system.