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Standards to Resist Hurricane Wind Forces.

pdf icon Standards to Resist Hurricane Wind Forces. (478 K)
Fuller, G. R.; Marshall, R. D.

NIST SP 871; September 1994.

U.S./Japan Natural Resources Development Program (UJNR). Wind and Seismic Effects. Joint Meeting of the U.S./Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects, 26th. May 17-20, 1994, Gaithersburg, MD, Raufaste, N. J., Jr., Editor(s), 31-38 pp, 1994.

Available from:

Government Printing Office
Order number: SN003-003-03297-2


weather effects; wind velocity; building codes; damage; housing; residential buildings; structural engineering


On August 24, 1992, Hurricane Andrew struck the coast of south Florida, and then proceeded across the Florida Peninsula and the Gulf of Mexico before hitting Louisiana on August 26. Damages of over $30 billion, deaths exceeding 55, and over 200,000 people left homeless prompted the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to examine its wind design standards for manufactured housing and other residential construction. To review the adequacy of HUD's wind standards, the Department contracted for a study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Based on this study, a wind design and construction standard for manufactured housing, referencing the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Standard 7-88 was developed and published on January 14, 1994. Research is now being conducted by NIST to provide information so that HUD can further develop standards for wind and tornado resistant construction in other areas of the U.S.