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Analysis of Cost-Sharing Programs for Pollution Abatement of Municipal Wastewater. Final Report.


pdf icon Analysis of Cost-Sharing Programs for Pollution Abatement of Municipal Wastewater. Final Report. (10031 K)
Marshall, H. E.; Ruegg, R. T.

NBSIR 74-479; September 1974.

Sponsor:

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: COM-74-11769/8

Keywords:

sewage treatment; municipalities; cost sharing; waste water; project planning; federal budgets; legislation; institutional implications; financing; efficiency

Abstract:

The study evaluates existing cost-sharing programs for wastewater pollution abatement as described in the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972; describes alternative cost-sharing programs that provide improvements in terms of national efficiency and equity criteria as defined herein; and suggests related areas for further research. Emphasis is on how Federal cost sharing biases communities in favor of certain kinds of techniques. The approach is to describe the current costsharing programs for both plant and nonplant techniques; to examine cost-sharing, legal, and other institutional biases against certain techniques; to analyze efficiency and equity effects of alternative cost-sharing programs; and to describe the incentive effects of cost sharing on nonfederal interests with respect to their choices among abatement techniques.