NIST-NOAA Resilient Communities Cooperative Initiative and Its Contribution to Coastal Community Resilience.
NIST-NOAA Resilient Communities Cooperative Initiative
and Its Contribution to Coastal Community Resilience.
Gaynor, J.; Simiu, E.
Marine Technology Society Journal, Vol. 41, No. 1,
26-32, Spring 2007.
wildland fires; weather effects; disasters; hurricanes;
earthquakes; hazard analysis; mitigation; damage;
methodology; meteorology; wind effects; computational
fluid dynamics; aerodynamics; risk reduction; tsunami
Inspired by the development of a collaborative plan on
understanding wildland fires, their interaction with
weather and the built environment, the National
Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA),
both within the U.S. Department of Commerce, completed a
more comprehensive collaborative plan entitled "Disaster
Resilient Communities: A NIST/NOAA Partnership" during
the winter of 2006. This plan addresses, in addition to
wildland fires, the effects on the built environment of
winds (hurricanes, tornadoes, and straight-line
thunderstorm-generated winds), storm surge, tsunamis,
and earthquakes. Since most of the structural risks
appear in coastal areas of the U.S., the plan provides
some emphasis on coastal communities. The plan also has
two cross-cutting themes: 1) Multi-hazard failure
analysis and mitigation and 2) community scale damage
forecasting, including loss estimation methodology. This
paper provides an overview of the NIST-NOAA plan with a
focus on the components of the plan that address issues
related to the resiliency of coastal communities.