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Effect of Refrigerant Oil Additive on R134a and R123 Boiling Heat Transfer Performance.


pdf icon Effect of Refrigerant Oil Additive on R134a and R123 Boiling Heat Transfer Performance. (509 K)
Kedzierski, M. A.

International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 30, No. 1, 144-154, January 2007.

Keywords:

refrigerants; additives; heat transfer; boiling; two-phase mixture; polyolester; R134a; R123; fluorescence; equations

Abstract:

This paper investigates the effect that an additive had on the boiling performance of an R134a/polyolester lubricant (POE) mixture and an R123/naphthenic mineral oil mixture on a roughened, horizontal flat surface. Both pool boiling heat transfer data and lubricant excess surface density data are given for the R134a/POE (98% mass fraction/2% mass fraction) mixture before and after use of the additive. A spectrofluorometer was used to measure the lubricant excess density that was established by the boiling of the R134a/POE lubricant mixture before and after use of the additive. The measurements obtained from the spectrofluorometer suggest that the additive increases the total mass of lubricant on the boiling surface. The heat transfer data show that the additive caused an average and a maximum enhancement of the R134a/POE heat flux between 5 kW m-2 and 22 kW m-2 of approximately 73% and 95%, respectively. Conversely, for nearly the same heat flux range, the additive caused essentially no change in the pool boiling heat flux of an R123/mineral oil mixture. The lubricant excess surface density and interfacial surface tension measurements of this study were used to form the basis of a hypothesis for predicting when additives will enhance or degrade refrigerant/lubricant pool boiling.