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Expert Systems Applied to Spacecraft Fire Safety.


pdf icon Expert Systems Applied to Spacecraft Fire Safety. (449 K)
Smith, R. L.; Kashiwagi, T.

Chapter 5;

Special Problems in Fire Protection Engineering. Volume 4. Chapter 5. Applied Fire Science in Transition Series, Baywood Publishing Co. Inc., Amityville, NY, DeCicco, P. R., Editor, 61-71 p., 2002.

Keywords:

fire protection engineering; spacecraft; expert systems; fire safety; flammability; fire science; fire prevention; fire detection; fire suppression; space stations

Abstract:

Expert systems are problem-solving programs that combine a knowledge base and a reasoning mechanism to simulate human "expert." The development of an expert system to manage fire safety in spacecraft, in particular the NASA Space Station Freedom, is difficult but clearly advantageous in the long-term. The report discusses some needs in low-gravity flammability characteristics, ventilating-flow effects, fire detection, fire extinguishment, and decision models, all necessary to establish the knowledge base for an expert system. This chapter is a general description of expert-system programs, to describe their unique application in meeting the needs of fire safety in spacecraft, in particular the future NASA Space Station Freedom.